The concept of sustainability defines the balance between the ecosystem that surrounds us and the use of natural resources.
Therefore, the basis for achieving a sustainable garden and having a perfect balance, according to experts, we must consider three important factors: environmental, economic and social.
Throughout history, landscaping has focused on the creation of beautiful spaces, unfortunately in many cases the impact on their environment and the expense involved in the irrigation of species crops has not been taken into account.
To avoid this type of problems, they began to take measures in the planning of gardens, which focus mainly on sustainability. In many cases they began to use techniques belonging to the xeriscape, a system practiced by the Arabs in the Iberian Peninsula when they created their impressive gardens.
Thanks to these methods, it is sought to create gardens that are maintained autonomously, through the use of xerophilous species and the plantation oriented to the increase of humidity.
Without water there is no life, therefore we have to maximize this resource and not waste it.
There are several techniques to achieve it, we will cite some as:
- Take advantage of rainwater.
- Choose crass plants or cactus.
- Plant native plants
- Create small areas of natural grass,
- Use carpet plants,
- Plant deep-rooted tres
Feed your plants creating your own compost, avoiding chemicals like pesticides or fertilizers, recycle, it is not difficult and we will give a new life cycle to the waste materials.
Regarding the economic factor, the savings in water, fertilizers and plants is considerable and is always appreciated.
The social factor is very important because the garden or the terrace should not be places just to enrapture us, the care and attention we give them should serve us to use them, live them and consider these spaces for pleasure and enjoyment.
Let's not forget it! People are also part of nature.
Sustainable gardens use available techniques and resources to create green spaces that acquire value over time and, in a balanced way, seek the maturity of the natural development of space.
One of the most difficult points for the creation of sustainable gardens is to find a nursery where the necessary autochthonous plants can be obtained. Unfortunately, sometimes it is difficult to find them and when we find them, they can be quite expensive.
The time is one of the most important factors in this type of natural spaces, we think that many gardens with the passage of time begin a period of degradation, having the need to be continuously remodeled.
In conclusion, it can be said that a sustainable garden is the one that has the possibility of maintaining itself, without outside resources and without any help. A sustainable and well-planned garden will not require irrigation or pruning.
Saul Saldana Jr
Triple S Tree