Pruning after flowering
Types of pruning
Once we know when to prune, we have to know the different types of pruning that can be done.
Next we will list some types of pruning and you can define what type of pruning your trees need.
Pruning of shapes
It is the pruning that we make to both trees and shrubs in their younger states in order to create a concrete shape or structure.
Previously we must establish what is the correct shape that we will give to the tree or bush and the unwanted branches will be eliminated. In case of wanting to form complex structures we help with both metallic and wooden guides where we will fix the selected branches.
The "grips" are the cuts of tender branches that are made lowering the buds between five and ten centimeters, with the purpose of to reduce the volume of the plant and to cause the development of new lateral branches that will contribute density and opacity to the shrub or tree.
The number of grips that a bush or tree will require will be directly related to the vigor of the plant to be pruned. If they are very vigorous, they will require a large number of grips per year, and in the case of those that are not very vigorous, they will require a single annual grip.
Sanitation pruning consists of eliminating the dry and broken branches of trees. The removal of these damaged branches is necessary since over time the presence of dry and broken branches can be a danger because they have a high potential for falling and, therefore, can cause material damage and personal accidents.
It is made to fruit trees and consists of pruning, depending on the species of fruit tree to be pruned, with the aim of balancing the number of flower buds with the number of wooden buds, starting from the beginning of a piece of fruit It requires forty mature leaves to develop an adequate size and quality. According to this principle to each species of fruit tree, it will be necessary to carry out pruning according to the obtaining of fruits of optimum size and qualities.
Pruning after flowering
Many species of shrubs bloom on old buds in early spring.
If we prune these shrubs during the winter months, we will reduce considerably the number of flower buds and therefore the flowering will not be so spectacular.
In this type of spring floral explosion bushes we will carry out the necessary pruning once the flowering has withered, but before the wooden buds are activated and begin to develop.
The plants that have not been maintained for some time develop an excessive volume of leaves.
In these cases, it may be that the forgotten plant has grown too much and therefore, it is necessary to perform a rejuvenation pruning. First we will reduce the dry and criss-crossed branches, eliminating the most aged and weakened branches. We will make the cuts of thick branches respecting a side twig guide.
The planting of many shrubs is done in order to obtain the maximum flowering.
This is the case of shrubs such as hydrangeas and roses.
To obtain a quality flowering it is necessary to prune these shrubs annually. The pruning will differ in each species, being necessary to know what are the pruning requirements of each shrub.
Saul Saldana Jr
Triple S Tree