How and when to prune our trees?
Spring is coming and it is important that our garden or terrace is ready for the flowers and trees to receive the sun's rays for practically the entire day. Below we give you some advice on how and when to prune the trees.
It is clear that if you have flowers or trees in the garden or terrace of your house, they require a series of care, among which are pruning.
In the case of flowers we know that they should be pruned every year, but what about the trees? Maybe, because of their size, it can be difficult to maintain and prune them and that is why we sometimes avoid doing it, but it is very important to do it regularly.
Why prune? you have to know the plants are designed to grow on their own, pruning gives them a great advantage, as it helps them grow strong and exuberant.
Pruning is the way to treat and prevent certain diseases on trees, such as dead branches, insects, etc.
In this way, considering that trees are also plants, we don't want them to die or that suddenly a branch that we had to have cut months ago fall (with the consequent accident that this can cause), it is clear that we must realize the pruning the trees but, then another question arises, WHEN?
When to prune your trees?
Before we start trimming the leaves and branches of our trees, we will have to make sure that it is time. The period of tree pruning generally coincides with the vegetative rest phase of the plant, which goes from the autumn after the fall of the leaves until the spring and the flowering of the new shoots.
But there is also a "green pruning" that takes place from spring to summer to eliminate the superfluous vegetation of very lush plants such as, for example, peach trees.
The moon has an important influence on pruning, grafting and sowing. It's advisable to do it during the waning moon days, a better fructification results are obtained.
How to prune trees?
Now, the important questions, how is tree trimming done? And how much should be pruned? And the answer for both is: it depends.
What does it depend on?, depending on the type of pruning they require, be it the intense pruning of old trees or the minimum pruning of young trees in full fructification.
Remember, the older a plant is, the less vigorous it is and the more pruning it will need. Young trees in turn have more vitality and therefore greater pruning will be needed.
To maintain the balance of growth and fructification, the vigorous branches must be shortened, while the weak ones must be reduced. The vigorous branches are usually vertical (where the sap flows faster), the weak branches are horizontal and curved.
In a balanced pruning you should also have in mind, that the vegetation of a branch must have a decreasing development from the base to the extremity; Also, it should be trimmed shorter towards the apex of the tree and closer to the basal branches.
Where to prune?
There is a basic rule to know where to prune, the apical bud (terminal) is more vigorous and develops faster than the underlying lateral buds.
The blunting involves the formation of anticipated buds in the underlying buds that must be proportional to the amount of buds that remain.
In any case, the pruning cut should be made 6-7 mm above the yolk and should have an angle of 45 ° so that when it rains the water slips through the cut and thus do not produce fungi or diseases.
Before pruning, make sure you know the characteristics of the plant you are working on: some plants give fruit on the branches once a year, others more than once a year and others on older branches of different ages.
With what tools have to prune?
There are many types of pruning shears, but the tool depends on the diameter of the branch, and it is essential that it is well sharpened.
The cut should be made with the base of the shears, not with the tip, and should be clean. In the case of large branches, the wound should be protected with a putty to prevent infection, damage by frost or parasites.
For safety we recommend, for poisonous plants, for example, oleander, or for plants full of thorns like orange trees and brambles, gloves are essential!
In the market there are many types of shears, from the traditional ones with curved blade, to the pneumatic or ratchet shears. Each type of shears is suitable for pruning some tree species and others a little less.
If you are "rookie" in the pruning of trees, the appropriate thing is to ask a professional what type of shears you can use according to the tree that you are going to prune.
Saul Saldana Jr
Triple S Tree