Gardening Glossary

If you are new to the subject of gardens, we will help you with some terms used in the field.

Thinning of the cup: method of pruning to favor the penetration of light and the circulation of air through the crown of a tree, with the selective removal of branches.

Armpit of the branch: An angle formed at the point where one branch joins another branch or the trunk of a woody plant.

Cut with stump: pruning cut that is done too far from the ridge of the bark or the neck of the branch, leaving tissues of this branch attached to the trunk.

Smooth cut: Pruning cut that starts inside the ridge of the bark or the neck of the branch, causing unnecessary damage to the tissues of the trunk.

Embedded bark: bark enclosed between the branches with narrow joining angles, which forms a wedge between them.

Neck of the branch: protrusion that is formed at the base of a branch by the annual development of superimposed layers of its tissues and those of the trunk.

Decurrent: One of the basic forms of trees, resulting from a weak apical control. In these trees, several or many lateral branches compete for dominance with the central trunk, producing a spherical or globular cup. Most hardwood trees are decurrent.

Disassembly: inadequate maintenance practice that is often used to control the size of trees; It consists of the indiscriminate cutting of branches and trunks at right angles, leaving long stumps. It is a common mistake to call it uncovered.

Pinching: poor maintenance practice to control the size of a tree's crown; involves the cutting of branches at right angles, leaving long stumps.

Uncovered: annual removal of all the foliage of the previous year, which results in many buds and twigs each spring.

Elevation of the crown: method of pruning that consists of removing the lower branches to leave enough space for pedestrians, vehicles, buildings, visual lines and landscapes.

Excurrent: one of the basic forms of trees, resulting from an intense apical control. These trees have a strong central trunk and a pyramidal shape. Side branches rarely compete for dominance. Most conifers and some hardwoods, such as liquidambar and tulip, have an excurrent shape.

Ornamental pruning: the operation of giving a plant a desired geometric or animal shape, through cuts and guides.

Pruning to reduce the crown: pruning method to reduce the height of a tree. The branches are cut to lateral branches that have at least a third of the diameter of the trunk to be removed.

Bark edge of the branch: fold of bark that forms in the fork of a branch and part of the trunk, because the tissues of both grow stuck together.

Scar tissue: differentiated woody tissue produced by woody plants when they suffer a wound (it is also called callus).

Epicormic stem: bud born from dormant or adventitious buds; It is also called the water shoots that come from trunks and branches, and the suckers that sprout at the base of the tree. Epicormic stems often arise in old wood due to severe defoliation or excessive pruning.

Saul Saldana Jr

Triple S Tree