Brief History of gardening
The gardening can be considered as the aesthetic expression of beauty through art and nature, a display of taste and style of civilized life, the expression of an individual or cultural philosophy and, sometimes, a demonstration of status or pride national in private or public landscapes.
The garden is born when we seek the corporal and spiritual satisfaction inspired by the presence of plant life in a peaceful and collected space.
The first gardens originated in Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Egypt, its usefulness dominates gardening, either as food or as shade, by aligning palms and ponds where fish are raised for food. The designs of these gardens are very geometric.
The garden is born when we seek the corporal and spiritual satisfaction inspired by the presence of plant life in a peaceful and collected space. The first gardens originated in Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Egypt, its usefulness dominates gardening, either as food or as shade, by aligning palms and ponds where fish are raised for food. The designs of these gardens are very geometric.
“Darius the Great” possessed a "paradise garden" and the hanging gardens of Babylon, which Nebuchadnezzar II ordered built, were known as one of the seven wonders of the world.
The most outstanding ancient gardens in the western world were those of Ptolemy, in Alexandria, and the taste for this practice was taken to Rome by Lucullus.
The wealthiest Romans built immense gardens in their villas with fountains, hedges and rock gardens, many of whose ruins can still be seen, like Hadrian's Villa.
After the 4th century, the art of gardening had emerged in China, but with a very different conception: the vision of a garden as a place of isolation and contemplation of the natural elements, land and water. Fundamental principles in Taoism.
In the 16th century the Spanish Crown built the first public spaces, gardens or wooded parks intended for walking and horse-drawn carriages, in the form of malls with fountains, benches and monuments, among the first and the oldest conserved is the Alameda of Hercules of Seville (1574).
The royal French residences of Saint Cloud, Marly and Versailles are clear examples of the architecture of Italian-style landscaping by André Le Nôtre and the gardens of Aranjuez and La Granja de San Ildefonso would be the Spanish exponent of not having been altered by the Mediterranean tradition that the Arabs maintained in Spain, with more intimate spaces, with lattices, patios and hedges, which is a more appropriate adaptation to the dry and warm climate of the Castilian plateau.
The English landscape gardens emerged with a new perspective in the 18th century, the anticipation of Romanticism was reflected in them returning to natural forms, where small wooded groups are mixed in apparent anarchy with flower beds full of flowers and caves under artificial hills, creating games of light and shadow that surrounded them with a fantastic and melancholic character.
In the middle of the 19th century, the municipal park prototype appeared in Central Park, in New York, 1858. It was created by Olmsted. It is a park to meet the need for green areas within large cities.
The 20th century introduced gardening in the urban planning of cities, as well as the architecture of landscaping. The present gardening tendencies do not follow a predetermined style, but they elaborate a mixture of more or less landscaping style with functional elements.
Saul Saldana Jr
Triple S Tree